Cocaine is a plant-based stimulant drug that comes in both powdered form and a more heavily processed form known as \u201ccrack.\u201d While powdered cocaine and crack differ in their chemical features, both forms of the drug make similar changes in the brain when used on a recurring basis. These changes alter the brain\u2019s chemical mixture and make cocaine abusers vulnerable to cocaine addiction. Cocaine addiction is one form of an officially defined condition called stimulant use disorder. It is important to be able to recognize the signs of cocaine use. Users of powdered cocaine introduce the drug into their bodies by inhaling or \u201csnorting\u201d or injecting a cocaine solution directly into their veins. Crack cocaine abusers burn the drug with a heat source and inhale the resulting fumes or vapors. Both powdered cocaine and crack cocaine increase the pleasure-producing chemicals in the brain and speed up the brain\u2019s baseline rate of activity. These effects take hold most rapidly in people who smoke crack or inject powdered cocaine. Is it Time for Cocaine Abuse and Addiction Treatment? If you or someone you love shows signs of cocaine use, seek help. The underlying issues that led to cocaine addiction should be addressed, and cocaine abusers must learn healthy coping skills to sustain recovery. Signs of Cocaine Use and Addiction Some people repeatedly use crack cocaine in an attempt to re-experience the initial euphoria. Initially, the brain treats the presence of cocaine as an unusual situation; however, with recurring exposure, the brain starts to adapt the way it functions to account for the drug\u2019s effects. It eventually comes to treat cocaine\u2019s presence as a new normal. This shift in brain function marks the development of cocaine dependence. Some of the effects of cocaine abuse become obvious over time. Here are the signs of cocaine use: \tIntense preoccupation with cocaine \tRequiring more and more cocaine to get the same desired effect \tNeglecting relationships or activities, or socializing with a completely new group of people \tExperiencing physical and\/or psychological withdrawal symptoms during periods without cocaine, or using cocaine to prevent withdrawal symptoms \tDecreased interest in usually enjoyable activities \tFrequent runny nose or sniffing \tDilated pupils \tFailed attempts to quit using cocaine on one\u2019s own \tPoor self-care habits \tAnxiety or depression \tChanges in eating or sleeping patterns Another serious warning signs of cocaine use is continued cocaine use despite the financial, legal, career or relationship problems it creates. How to Assess the Warning Signs of Cocaine Use The American Psychiatric Association has issued\u00a0detailed guidelines\u00a0for the diagnosis of cocaine addiction and other forms of stimulant use disorder. \tAn individual affected by a relatively mild case of stimulant use disorder has at least two to three symptoms of either physical dependence\/addiction or a damaging pattern of cocaine intake not associated with a physical dependence on the drug. \tModerately affected individuals have four or five specific symptoms of either cocaine addiction or cocaine abuse. \tSeverely affected individuals can have as many as 11 symptoms of the disorder. Stimulant use disorder includes both addiction and drug abuse because symptoms of these problems often appear together. Health Effects of Addiction to Cocaine Addiction to cocaine has both short- and long-term side effects. These can include: Short-term effects of cocaine addiction may include: \tDilated pupils \tConstricted blood vessels \tHigher body temperature \tFaster heart rate \tErratic behavior \tViolence \tRestlessness \tIrritability \tAnxiety and panic \tParanoia \tVertigo \tTremors \tBody twitches Long-term effects of cocaine addiction may include: Gastrointestinal \tAbdominal pain \tNausea Heart \tHeart attack \tArrhythmias \tPalpitations Neurological \tHeadaches \tSeizures \tStroke \tComa Cocaine abuse can also lead to sudden death or cocaine overdose, when used alone or when mixing alcohol or other drugs with cocaine. Causes and Risk Factors Genetic and environmental factors influence the development of cocaine addiction. Some of the risk factors for substance use disorders include: \tTrauma in early life \tEmotional challenges such as anxiety and depression \tLoss, such as death, divorce or financial problems \tA parent or other family member who has an addiction (genetics) Treatment for Co-Occurring Disorders Many cocaine addicts have a dual diagnosis. This can include mental health issues or other drug and alcohol issues. All conditions should be treated at the same time in cocaine addiction rehab. At Lucida you can receive mental health disorders treatment as well as substance abuse treatment. Symptoms of Cocaine Withdrawal When a person stops using cocaine, their body must begin to produce the neurotransmitters, or feel-good chemicals, that were depleted due to abuse of the drug. If that does not occur, withdrawal symptoms will set in. They could begin within a few hours of the last use and can continue for two weeks or more. Their length and severity depends on the person and their duration and amount of drug use. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms may include: \tAnxiety \tDepression \tDrug cravings \tRestlessness \tNightmares and insomnia Reclaim Your Life With Cocaine Addiction Treatment At Lucida Treatment Center, we offer evidence-based alcohol and drug addiction in a beautiful, relaxing environment. We have many treatment options to help you begin to recover from the effects of cocaine abuse. Our therapists will help you address co-occurring mental health disorders during inpatient cocaine rehab. Some of our treatment options include: \tCognitive behavioral therapy \tNutritional support \t12-step alternatives \tIndividual and group therapy \tTrauma therapies like EMDR \tFamily program \tContinuing care We\u2019ll help you address the issues that made you vulnerable to addiction and build a strong foothold in recovery. Call today to speak confidentially with a Lucida recovery advisor at .